Cyber security is more important than ever for businesses of all sizes. A recent case involving two American investment companies highlights the risks involved when security measures are not robust enough to protect against determined cyber criminals. Let’s delve into this incident, examine the core themes, and consider some preventive measures.

a sign on a stone wall warning of danger

In this high-stakes case, two companies, a US-based carbon abatement investor and an investment mandate partner, found themselves victim to an intricate scam. Their usual business transactions were hijacked by a group of savvy hackers who had infiltrated their systems. Unbeknownst to them, their correspondences were being intercepted and manipulated, causing a catastrophic financial loss of millions. The fraudulent activities were so well executed that they remained undetected until after the crime had been committed.

How they did it

  1. Initial Surveillance: The hackers closely watched the public activities and announcements made by Terra Global and Anew, noticing the huge investment deal between the two.
  2. Impersonation: The hackers registered an Australian company, Terra Global Capital Pty Ltd, with fraudulent details to make it appear like a legitimate small business.
  3. System Infiltration: They managed to infiltrate Terra Global’s systems, gaining access to sensitive communication.
  4. Email Tampering: The hackers created a rule in Terra Global’s emails, causing correspondence between Terra Global and Anew to be redirected to third-party email addresses.
  5. Identity Cloning: They created cloned email accounts of Terra Global’s chief executive and chief financial officer to impersonate them.
  6. Deception: Using the cloned email addresses, the hackers intercepted and manipulated the conversation between Terra Global and Anew, convincing Anew to transfer funds to a bank account in Australia, under the guise of Terra Global.
  7. Transfer of Funds: The hackers managed to successfully receive the transferred funds in the Australian bank account, which they had set up.
  8. Money Laundering: Once they received the funds, most of the money was quickly transferred to accounts in China and Turkey.

This story sheds light on several critical cyber security themes: system infiltration, phishing attacks, identity theft, email security, weak security systems, and financial fraud. Each of these aspects played a significant role in the successful execution of the heist.

System infiltration and phishing attacks were at the forefront of this case. The hackers manipulated email systems to impersonate company executives convincingly. Moreover, they cleverly set up rules diverting emails between the companies’ senior executives to third-party addresses, which allowed them to monitor and control the conversations.

The issues of identity theft and the use of dark web resources for illegal activities were also prominently featured. Using stolen personal data, the fraudsters set up fake businesses and bank accounts, thereby weaving a complex network of fraudulent entities to facilitate their crime.

This case serves as a stark reminder of the importance of having robust security systems. A small oversight or a weak link can lead to severe consequences, especially in an era where online financial transactions are ubiquitous.

Core themes from this particular case:

  1. Phishing Attacks: The hackers were able to clone the emails of the CEO and CFO to successfully impersonate them and deceive executives at Anew.
  2. System Infiltration: The hackers had managed to infiltrate Terra Global’s systems, revealing the significance of secure network systems.
  3. Email Security: The hackers manipulated the email systems to intercept communications, emphasising the importance of email security measures.
  4. Identity Theft: The use of stolen identities to create fraudulent businesses and bank accounts highlights the growing issue of identity theft.
  5. Dark Web Activity: The article refers to the use of personal data from the dark web to set up fraudulent bank accounts.
  6. Weak Security Systems: The incident showcases the potential dangers to businesses with weak security systems.
  7. Financial Fraud: This case illustrates the massive financial implications of cyberattacks and the importance of cybersecurity in the financial sector.
  8. KYC (Know Your Customer) Practices: The case underscores the need for robust customer identification and KYC practices to deter such frauds.
  9. International Cyber Crime: The crime involved multiple countries, demonstrating that cybersecurity is a global issue.
  10. Detection and Recovery Efforts: The efforts by various authorities to trace and recover the stolen funds, along with the legal actions taken, highlight the post-incident response and mitigation aspects of cybersecurity.

With these core themes in mind, let’s discuss the preventive measures that could be employed to fend off such complex attacks.

  1. Implement Strong Access Controls: Strong access controls, such as multi-factor authentication, can protect against unauthorized access, even in cases of a successful phishing attempt.
  2. Regular System Updates and Monitoring: Regularly updating and patching systems is crucial, as many cyberattacks exploit known vulnerabilities in outdated software.
  3. Employee Education and Training: Regular training to help employees identify phishing attempts and understand safe online practices is an excellent preventative measure.
  4. Regular Backups: Regular and secure backups of important data can help recover from ransomware attacks or other forms of data loss.
  5. Use of Secure Communication Channels: Confidential communications should be conducted over secure channels, preferably encrypted.
  6. Identity Protection: Implementing robust identity and access management systems can protect against identity theft.

Understanding these themes helps pave the way for effective preventative measures. Such measures include robust access controls, regular system updates, employee education, regular data backups, secure communication channels, and comprehensive identity protection. Each of these plays a significant role in creating a robust defense against potential cyberattacks.

In this context, 4walls, a leading cybersecurity service provider, offers comprehensive services to protect businesses from such sophisticated attacks:

  • Security Risk Assessment: Identifies potential vulnerabilities in your systems.
  • Email Security Solutions: Protects your communications from phishing attacks.
  • Identity Management Services: Shields against identity theft.
  • Cyber security Awareness Training: Equips your employees with necessary cyber security skills.
  • Incident Response Services: Prepares your business to respond effectively in the event of a security breach.


  1. How can 4walls’ services prevent such cyber attacks? 4walls offers a range of services aimed at fortifying your cyber security defenses. By identifying potential system vulnerabilities, ensuring secure communications, protecting against identity theft, and educating employees, we help build a comprehensive line of defense against potential cyber attacks.
  2. Are only large corporations at risk of such attacks? No. Cyber attacks can affect businesses of any size. Smaller businesses are often seen as easier targets due to potentially weaker security measures.
  3. How does 4walls’ Incident Response service help in the event of a breach? Our Incident Response service helps you prepare a robust plan to act swiftly and effectively if a security breach occurs. This includes isolating affected systems, identifying the cause of the breach, and initiating recovery protocols.

In the face of ever-evolving cyber security threats, awareness and preparation are vital. The case discussed here serves as a reminder of the significant impact a cyber attack can have. By understanding these risks and working with a trusted partner like 4walls, businesses can protect themselves against these challenges and thrive in the digital era.